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Some Facts about Tree Pruning and Its Benefits The dormant season is a good time for tree pruning in order for you to be able to see the structure, maximize wound closure, reduce disease and avoid any flow of sap that is excessive for the trees. Different plants have different pruning time, like the flowering shrubs require pruning on dormant season, and trees and shrubs, dogwood and red-bud that blossom in early spring need pruning right immediately after flowering. Some flowering trees need pruning during dormant season since they can be susceptible to fire blight and bacterial disease, and example of these trees are crab apple, pear, varieties of hawthorn, mountain ash, pyracantha and flowering quince. Trees that flower during summer or fall should be pruned also during the dormant season. Of course, dead branches can be removed at all times when noticed. Know that in order for fruit trees to develop their proper form or shape, pruning or training is a must. Experience shows that fruit trees that are properly pruned and trained have a higher quality of fruit and will live a longer span of time. Thus, the objective to prune and train trees is to give the trees strong framework so they can support a large crop of fruit. Note that fruit trees that are not pruned in the proper way will be too upright and can break with a heavy crop on hand. When this happens, the productivity of the trees will reduce and could shorten their lives.
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Diseases are eliminated, and broken or dead limbs are removed when you prune trees, and these are just the other benefits your trees will get if you prune them.
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A proper training of trees will open up the trees’ canopies and thus allow the light to penetrate fully. The penetration of light is very important in the development of the buds because it will lead to a high quality of fruit flavour. Correcting the growth of a tree and minimize its cutting are also the objectives why trees have to be trained or pruned. It is good information also to know that trees react differently to summer pruning and dormant pruning. During dormancy, it is noticed that the energy of the tree is not changed when you remove a large portion of it. However, if done in spring, some trees will react by producing many upright branches and this could stop their good development. It is advisable therefore to conduct dormant tree pruning late in the season to avoid injury during winter. It is advisable to prune first the older trees and the younger ones last. When it comes to summer pruning, take note that it is only for removing upright growth of branches and be mindful to complete the activity before July ends so as to avoid injury brought by winter.